The working paper of the European Commission entitled ”Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility”* focuses on determining rules of access for certain users and vehicles in the urban areas so that the urban mobility can be improved. The electric vehicles can take advantage of the activities of the European Commission through the “Urban Mobility Package”.
Access regulations can be connected to the emission class of the vehicles, which is likely to become visible in the form of low emission zones. This is important for many cities because they need to follow the air quality legislation and make sure that the quality of life there is improved and the citizens experience less health problems. For now, half of the Europeans use a car every day.
However, what is in favour of the AMBER-ULV is that the 2011 White Paper – Roadmap Towards a single European Transport Area states that the use of conventional cars in urban areas should be reduced to its half by 2030 and the greenhouse gas emissions from transport should be reduced by 60% by 2050 compared to levels in 1990. The European Commission also supports the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the Member States. In this way the consumers and the industry will become convinced that there is a meaning of investing in the electric vehicles.
The cities are a proper place for the use of smaller electric vehicles because there are many short distance trips, driving and parking spaces are often limited and emissions per capita are higher there due to the concentrated population. The Eurobarometer survey “Attitudes of Europeans towards urban mobility”** states that the Europeans think that as far as the cities air pollution (81%), road congestion (76%), travelling costs (74%), accidents (73%) and noise pollution (72%) are important problems. AMBER-ULV can assist in improving the current situation in the urban transport by being used by the citizens in the whole city, including the low emission zones.
* COM (2013) 913 COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS - ”Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility – Link to the paper http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/urban/doc/ump/com(2013)913_en.pdf
** Eurobarometer survey - “Attitudes of Europeans towards urban mobility” – Link to the survey (http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_406_en.pdf)